Category: Current affairs
- Because there's a divide between rich and poor nations.
- Rich nations' industrialisation resulted in global warming - now poor nations want their own share of industrial wealth.
- Also, the Republican party in the US is hostile to to scientific consensus vis-à-vis climate change.
- Impossible to force nations to cut pollution, so will be based on voluntary pledges.
- Hopefully agreement to review every 5 years to see if pledges having any effect.
- If an accord is reached, will be based on collection of widely differing national promises, so expect no universal outcome (like an agreed global carbon price, or a global ban on fossil fuel subsidies).
- Rio accord 1992 & Kyoto protocol 1997: Failed to meet chief objective, i.e. preventing rise of C02 from burning of fossil fuels.
- Copenhagen 2009: Attempt to replace Kyoto agreement - failed to reach agreement.
- Paris 30 Nov. 2015: Hopefully an accord, but expected to be unenforceable and voluntary.
- ISIS largely contained in its core territory (N + E Syria, N + W Iraq).
- Whenever they try to break into neighbouring Shia or Kurdish areas, they get pushed back.
- Could explain attacks in Lebanon (Beirut), Egypt (Russian jet) and Paris.
- Looks like military and political stalemate.
- Military: Increased (covert) supply of missiles to selected rebel groups has stalled Russia-backed Assad advances.
- Political: Putin's negotiating position therefore weakened.
- Yes, as China flexes its muscles, neighbours look towards US.
- Closer military co-operation with Australia, Philippines, Japan over last 2 years.
- Malaysia also moving closer to US.
- Coming via Turkey - and part sponsored by Saudi Arabia.
- Recipients vetted by CIA operatives first, i.e. to get resupplied, recipients need to show video footage of successes and need to return spent cartridges.
- Program seems to be successfully holding off Russian-backed Assad advances.