Category: Current affairs
- Started Sept. 2014 when activists protested outside the HK Govt. HQ & occupied intersections in response to China's decisions on proposed HK electoral reform.
- Protesters want HK to be allowed to choose leaders in 2017 elections without interference from China.
- Chinese govt. has said it will allow universal suffrage, but will screen candidates for the chief executive post in advance. Protests continue.
- International organisation whose mission is to coordinate the policies of the oil-producing countries.
- Since it's inception in 1960, OPEC was able to influence the oil price by acting as an economic cartel - but from Nov. 2014, Saudi Arabia (OPEC's de facto leader) started treating the organisation as increasingly irrelevant.
- Member countries are Iraq, Kuwait, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Libya, UAE, Qatar, Indonesia, Algeria, Nigeria, Ecuador, Angola, & Gabon (note that Russia & Norway are not members)..
- Rare infectious, deadly illness, first detected in 1976 in an outbreak near the Ebola River (Democratic Republic of Congo) in Africa.
- People get infected only by direct contact through broken skin, nose or mouth or with the blood or bodily fluids of someone infected.
- 2014 epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa.
- The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant is a Sunni, extremist and violent political and military group controlling territory in Syria, Iraq, eastern Libya, and Sinai in Egypt.
- Designated as a terrorist organization by UN, EU among others, and accused of human rights abuses and ethnic cleansing.
- Principal aim is to establish an Islamic state in Sunni-majority regions of Iraq & Syria. Broad aim is to build a caliphate to emulate the days of Islam's Prophet Mohammed.
- Democratic country on the south end of Africa, one of the few on the continent never to have had a coup d'état.
- Population 53 million, of whom 80% are black, with 11 official languages.
- President is Jacob Zuma and the 3 capitals are Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judicial) and Cape Town (legislative).
- Grand jury refused to charge a policeman (Nov 24, 2014) over the death of unarmed black teenager Michael Brown.
- Brown was killed by Darren Wilson in Ferguson Missouri on Aug 09 2014.
- His death sparked weeks of demonstrations and civil unrest, as did the ruling.