Category: Markets

Why is Germany sceptical of QE?

  • Merkel believes QE eases fiscal pressure on spendthrift member states (i.e. no need to be vigilant on Fiscal Policy (budget) because Monetary Policy (QE) available).
  • Also believes it will ease pressure on same member countries to embark on tough economic reforms.
  • Believes it is "back-door fiscal union" (i.e. countries with weak budgets get helped by those with strong ones).
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Global market trends right now?

  • Equites down off lower global growth outlook.
  • Industrial metals (like copper) lower for same reason.
  • Government bonds doing better as receding inflation fears and less likelihood of higher US interest rates soon.
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What are Republicans doing to the Dodd-Frank financial reform act?

  • Dodd-Frank being chipped away at by Republicans.
  • Being done through legislative action in the House of Representatives.
  • Republicans not mentioning it much in public statements, because Wall Street still viewed with suspicion.
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What is the Dodd-Frank financial reform act?

  • Legislation adopted in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, primarily aimed at curtailing excessive risk-taking by big banks.
  • Key rule = "Volker Rule" that prevents banks from speculating with their own money (proprietary trading).
  • Seen as central legislative achievement of Obama's first term.
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Why has the price of copper dropped so much?

  • Lowest level in 5 and a half years.
  • Copper used in construction and electronics.
  • Seen as a barometer of economic growth, and with global growth slow and expected to worsen, speculative and fundamental demand for copper has dropped.
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Why are global bond prices rising (yields falling)?

  • Inflation is bad for bonds, i.e. it erodes the "fixed income" return of bonds.
  • But global inflation is falling (due to cheap oil and slow global growth).
  • Hence more demand for bonds, hence bond prices fall.
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Why is Africa seeing growth despite commodity price falls?

  • Overall improved governance & broad-based economic reforms.
  • Economies diversifying away from commodity exports & into manufacturing + services (especially tourism).
  • Telecoms, finance, transport & infrastructure = best growth sectors.
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