- Japan economy faces big structural problems after 20 years of recession, i.e. decreasing population, ageing society, slow investment and low productivity.
- Abenomics = PM Abe's plan for sorting out the economy, and has "Three Arrows":  Fiscal stimulus,  Monetary easing and  Structural reforms (i.e. addressing government debt).
-  and  have been fired with mixed results - now  needs to happen big-time if Japan wants to avoid either fiscal collapse or a drop in living standards over the next few decades.